distribution

distribution
A series of figures presenting all observed values (as raw numbers or proportion of cases) for a variable in a quantitative data-set-enabling a quick visual appreciation of the distribution of the data. The frequency distribution may be further illustrated by use of graphics such as a pie-chart or histogram .
A frequency or statistical distribution using observed data should not be confused with mathematical probability distributions, which are hypothetical distributions, the form of which is determined by algebraic formulae. The correspondence between an observed frequency distribution and various hypothetical mathematical distributions will often determine the type of statistical analysis performed on particular data.
Frequency distributions from a survey data-set are usually the first output from the clean and edited data-set, showing the response totals for each possible reply to each question in the questionnaire . Empirically observed distributions can be analysed using measures of dispersion and other statistical tools developed from the three main forms of probability distribution: binomial , Poisson , and normal (Gaussian).

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • distribution — [ distribysjɔ̃ ] n. f. • XIVe; lat. distributio ♦ Action de distribuer; son résultat. ⇒ partage, répartition. 1 ♦ Répartition à des personnes. Distribution de vivres, de médicaments. Distribution de prospectus, d objets publicitaires. ⇒ diffusion …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • distribution — dis·tri·bu·tion /ˌdis trə byü shən/ n 1: the act or process of distributing: as a: the apportionment by a court of the property and esp. personal property of an intestate among those entitled to it according to statute compare descent, devise …   Law dictionary

  • distribution — DISTRIBUTION. s. f. L action de distribuer, ou l effet de cette action. Distribution du butin, Faire la distribution des procès. Distribution de deniers. Distribution des prix, Faire un état de distribution. f♛/b] On appelle en termes de Pratique …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • distribution — Distribution. s. f. v. L action de distribuer. Distribution du butin. faire la distribution des procez. distribution de deniers. distribution des prix. faire un estat de distribution. On appelle en termes de pratique, Ordre de distribution, Le… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Distribution — Dis tri*bu tion, n. [L. distributio: cf. F. distribution.] 1. The act of distributing or dispensing; the act of dividing or apportioning among several or many; apportionment; as, the distribution of an estate among heirs or children. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Distribution — Sf Verteilung per. Wortschatz fach. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. distribūtio, zu l. distribuere, zu tribuere zuteilen und l. dis , zu l. tribus Bezirk .    Ebenso nndl. distributie, ne. distribution, nfrz. distribution, nschw.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • distribution — (n.) mid 14c., from O.Fr. distribution (13c.) and directly from L. distributionem (nom. distributio) a division, distribution, noun of action from pp. stem of distribuere deal out in portions, from dis individually + tribuere assign, allot (see… …   Etymology dictionary

  • distribution — Distribution, Assignatio, Distributio. La distribution des proces, Sortitio causarum, B. Faire les distributions des proces, Causas describere in classes atque in singulos inspectores, quod et Conscribere dicitur, B. Distributions qu on donne aux …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • distribution — Payments in a bankruptcy case, generally made after confirmation of a plan in a Chapter 11 filing or approval of the trustee s accounting in a Chapter 7 filing. (Bernstein s Dictionary of Bankruptcy Terminology) United Glossary of Bankruptcy… …   Glossary of Bankruptcy

  • distribution — [n1] allocation, dispersion administration, alloting, allotment, apportioning, apportionment, assessment, assigning, circulating, circulation, dealing, delivery, diffusion, dispensation, dispersal, disposal, disposing, dissemination, dissipating …   New thesaurus

  • Distribution — (vom latein. distribuere, distribuiren, vertheilen), jede Art von Vertheilung, Aus und Eintheilung …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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